Objective: Society itself is a dynamic system. Several components are there. Human resource is the chief sustaining part. But research on the human component only keeping aside other organic and inorganic aids leads results that are valid for a very temporary period. One must take the environment into account for any social development project. Environment on the other hand involves both physical (like lithosphere, atmosphere etc) and the social aspects (like socio-economic and cultural habits etc).
Research projects can be undertaken at micro or macro level. It is preferable to start with micro one and with selective motto. The findings at the micro level of study may then be extended to the macro system keeping the motto intact but with open outlook to have any unique findings so that secondary projects can be undertaken.
Introduction: A research worker must fix up his apparent target to start with. The project must reflect the importance in relation to dynamic social developments befitting the need of the time. Topic of research should be aimed at the collection of existing data along with analysis complemented with the suggestions for remedial measures/course of action to be taken by the appropriate authority. The findings/suggestions should help the future planners of the area/country for the betterment of the existing conditions in the society in that respect. Tokenism should be avoided. Suggestions should obviously keep pace for further research on the same topic from a different angle and evolve idea for new subjects of research.
Many theoretical models have been followed by the social scientists. Attempts would be taken for help from any or some of the models wherever suitable.
Keeping all these in mind a researcher after selecting his/her topic should collect data on the previous analogous works, study of theoretical models if there be any and pinpoint his/her area of work. A researcher in this rapidly changing social environment (e., g., rapid urbanization repression on women. increase in the sect ratio male/female etc).All these can be cited through an instance as guide for a researcher as ‘demo’.
1.Collection of data with questionnaire or by any other method and views from earlier works on similar topic.
2. Analogy and explanation of findings. May or may not be with graphical representations.
3. Superiority of the mode of study with reasons.
Summarisation of the Findings and the opinions gathered. Critical analysis and suggestions. etc etc,